Is your shampoo bad for your hair?

According to experts, unsafe shampoos are one of the main culprits when it comes to  alopecia (hair loss), and dry, damaged, unmanageable hair. We all love our hair and try to research the best shampoo & conditioner formulas, but unfortunately there is a lot of misinformation, a/ka/ ‘Green-washing‘ out there leading us down the wrong path. One  common green washing ingredient that is frequently used in shampoos, detanglers and conditioners, is ‘Cetyl Alcohol’.

Cetyl or Cetearyl Alcohol at first appears to have many great properties, and even many ‘organic’ companies claim it is non-toxic and use it for it it’s abilityto increase viscosity and foam enhancing properties,  but is it actually 100%  safe? Let’s find out.

What is Cetyl Alcohol?

Called by many names and used as many derivatives (Cetearyl Alcohol, Behenyl Alcohol and Myristil Alcohol), Cetyl Alcohol is a form of fatty alcohol that is  used in many commercial cosmetics, lotions, creams and other personal care products as an emulsifier, emollient and a thickening agent.

Cetearyl Alcohol (Cetyl + Stearyl Alcohol) is synthetically derived from Coconut oil or Petroleum derivatives.

Oil and water do not normally mix well, but  this ingredient works as an emulsifier (think mayonnaise) and is an inexpensive additive and this is why it’s use is so pervasive in commercial products.

Are there any risks associated with Cetyl Alcohol?

The recommended usage level of Cetyl Alcohol is 1- 3%, while some formulations can go as high up as 6%. Usage above 3% helps increase foaming.

Any product that contains alcohol in its formula can cause skin dryness, and, while Cetyl Alcohol, while less drying that alcohol in pure form is no exception. According to dermatologists, it was found that Cetyl Alcohol can cause skin irritation to people having a sensitive skin. Some other types of synthetic alcohols have shown to cause allergies and dermatitis. Additionally, long term usage can also clog pores and thus, accelerate acne and breakouts by bacteria build up.

Is your shampoo drying your hair out?

What are the safer options?

Anything that can give an emollient feel and can blend well with other ingredients in a given product can be used as an alternative to Cetyl Alcohol.

Some of the best and completely organic emollients are: Aloe Vera, Nut & Seed oils, and botanical Ayurvedic extracts.

Ayurvedic moisturizers helps in complete alleviation of drying Vata tendencies, unlike green-washing ingredients like Cetyl Alcohol, which only provides a temporary solution to your skin problems. Here are some good Ayurvedic options as moisturizers for different skin types:

  • Vata (Dry) Skin –  People with Vata skin types needs plenty of moisturization and Aloe, Shea butter, organic essential oils of Olive, Coconut and hemp, as well as steam distilled botanicals like Rosemary, Sage, Horsetail, Lavender and Burdock are good choices for Vata types.

  • Pitta Skin – Needs light moisturization as well as a cooling and a nurturing effect and some of the ideal skincare ingredients for them are , Aloe Vera Gel, coconut oil and sunflower oil, as well as extracts of Horsetail, Sage, Oregano, Thyme, Lavender and Peppermint.

  • Kapha (Oily) Skin – Thicker, Oilier skin, which ages well, but they may need a hair care product that controls oil, but it still moisturizing such as Jojoba, Coconut, Grape Seed, Apricot & Evening Primrose oils, as well as Apple Cider Vinegar.

The first step in achieving healthier (ie; more beautiful) skin and hair is determining your Ayurvedic Dosha and educating yourself when it comes to partially safe vs. 100% safe ingredients such as Cetyl Alcohol.


Solomon’s Seal for brighter, fresher skin

Solomon’s Seal (polygonatum biflorum, multiflorum, odoratum, etc.) is a healing herb that has many medicinal uses.

A close relative of the Lily of the Valley, legend has it that the use of the herb dates back over 3,500 years ago to the era of King Solomon. He was so impressed by the plant’s diverse healing qualities that he proclaimed it a gift from God, and named it after himself.

It was also written about by Pliny in the first century, while Asian medicine considers to be one of the planets top 10 healing herbs.  Today, there is increasing interest in the health values of the can be used as a herbal tincture, salve, tea or supplement. As an alternative remedy, it may offer relief, healing or mending to sports injuries and other conditions related to tendons, joints, ligaments, bones, bruises, connecting tissues, cartilage, etc. It also soothes and repairs gastrointestinal inflammation and injuries. It is effective for feminine issues, such as menstrual cramps and PMS. . Additionally, it is known to lower blood pressure and relieve dry coughs.  It is our understanding that the National Institutes of Health is presently researching the benefits of Solomon’s Seal for heart health.


Solomon’s Seal has a unique phytocomposition, when studied under lab conditions, we will list only those that appear to aid in maintaining youthful, healthy skin:

  • Steroidal saponins (Beneficial health effects include control of blood cholesterol levels, bone health, cancer, and building up of the immune system)
  • Polysaccharides (The form in which most natural carbohydrates occur. It accounts for the mucilagenous, soothing qualities of a root herb like Solomon’s Seal)
  • Alkaloids (A naturally occurring group of chemical compounds. Most of the known functions of alkaloids are related to protection from parasitic bacteria and fungi, as a neurotransmitter, and as a regulator for cell growth and metabolism)
  • Flavonoids (Flavonoids, also referred to as bioflavonoids, are polyphenol antioxidants found naturally in plants. Recent research indicates that flavonoids can be nutritionally helpful by triggering enzymes that reduce the risk of certain cancers, heart disease, and age-related degenerative diseases.
  • Asparagine (Asparagine is an essential component of those proteins that are concerned with neuronal development and signaling transmission across nerve endings. Asparagine is essential to all living cells for the production of many proteins)
  • Allantoin (An anti-inflammatory. Allantoin is a chemical compound naturally produced by many organisms, including animals, plants, and bacteria. It is a frequent ingredient in lotions and skin creams, as well as in oral hygiene products, cosmetics, and other toiletries. Allantoin is also used in medications for dermatological conditions. It is effective at very low concentrations, usually from 0.1% to 2%.)

While research science is still working to pinpoint exactly which of the multitudes of phyto-nutrients are at work specifically, we all know that exposure to harmful UV rays and pollution can cause extensive damage to the skin. Herbalists and Scientists the world over from King Solomon’s time to the Chinese to the Greeks and Native Americans have chronicled that the Redness and Discoloration of the skin due to aging is almost magically reduced and reversed using a tincture or steam distilled concentrate of the entire plant.

Here at PuraVeda Organics, we steam distill our organic Solmon’s Seal in-house to ensure the purity and standardized concentration of the final ingredient that goes into your skin care products.


You may have noticed that we have been “offline” as far as our blogs and newsletters for a few weeks now.  This is mostly due to the transition of our old website to the new and our old brand name “Teva Skin Science” to our new one:

Deb Oxley, Company founder Age 60

PuraVeda Organics

We have been working hard on the new site fixing minor glitches and updating content, and this transition seems fitting, going into a whole new year.  In reflecting on a topic for this first Newsletter of 2018, I keep returning to the idea of intention.  I am a firm believer in the power of setting deliberate intentions.

Most people set New Years Resolutions, which generally about goal setting. While this may seem to be about intention, in reality goals are oriented towards the future, and based in achievement, while intentions are based in today, and evolve over time.

What does this have to do with Skin Care?  Simply this..Our skin and hair are some of the best outer reflections of our inner health and well-being.  While using organic, effective, non-toxic and environmentally responsible products, such as our our PuraVeda Organics line is a great step in the right direction, it can only take you so far.  If, as we believe is the case with most of our customers, your intention is working towards radiant inner and outer health, there are many other lifestyle changes that can put us in alignment with that desire.

So, let’s talk about intentions as the engine behind our goals.  Intentions are 100% driven by the attention we give them.  Have you  ever found that a goal that you set for yourself never came to pass? Maybe on reflection you have realized that your actions did not mirror what was actually needed to reach the goal.  The real secret is that having a goal is not enough, intentions need enough attention for them to manifest.


If your intentions are not powerful enough to manifest your goals, it’s probably time to reexamine your level of intention.  How much attention are you directing at this intention?  Another trap is allowing negative thoughts and behaviors to creep in.  Our brains register what we tell them and for some reason it appears they don’t register a negative per se.

For instance, if you tell yourself that you are NOT a junk food eater, your brain hears’ I AM a junk food eater’.  It is far more powerful and effective to tell yourself that you value your health and well being by eating minimally processed foods.  This is called the I AM model of thinking.  The I AM model states: Intention + Attention = Manifestation.  Once you about able to manifest  goal with the power of your intention and attention, you will become a believer in the power of setting deliberate attentions.

To your Health, Well-Being and Beauty in 2018!

Is Penetration of Skin Care Ingredients a Good Thing?

What Ingredients do you want in YOUR body?

People are understandably concerned about product ingredients and dermal permeability (Ie; the ability for these ingredients to enter the bloodstream)

Let’s consider the possibilities.. Picture the fact that your body is composed of literally trillions of cells, surrounded by and filled with fluid.  Imagine that the goals is to keep these cells healthy, nutrient rich and toxin free.


And yet, many of us subject our bodies to toxins daily.  Arguably the greatest offender may surprise you.. Sugar! You read that right, it’s sugar.  Like almost everything you can think of, sugar is lethal in high doses.

Currently the average American ingests almost 160 lbs of sugar per year (cited by MedicineNet).  That is (unbelievably enough) 770% of what is recommended for the average American woman.  In other words literally a toxic level.  Sugar is incredibly damaging to our bodies, and yet most of us are literally bathing our cells in it every day via our dietary choices, causing daily insulin spikes, heart and kidney disease, obesity and diabetes.  (from the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)  While this may seem far afield for a skin care blog, in actuality the health of your body is ALWAYS reflected in your skin.  Sugar is also a major cause of premature skin aging!

So, while we do believe that subjecting your skin to ‘micro-toxins’ (my word) such as parabens and coal tar derivatives, and we certainly shouldn’t be poisoning ourselves with our skin care (and as such our product do not contain any of those things), we also believe that it’s important to  maintain perspective, and remember to focus on the big (macro) things in life we have control over with our lifestyle choices.

It is our belief that by choosing high quality organic skincare, there is great benefit to be gained by the absorption of trace amounts of key ingredients into the skin such as permeable vitamins C, A and E, as well as the plethora of cellular antioxidants found in almost every one of our Ayurvedic INGREDIENTS.


Increasing Skin Care Active Penetration


Yes, there is actually a scientific equation for this! You can actually influence the the absorption of skin actives and thereby the effectiveness of your skincare by using this formula below.

  • P = Pressure.  This includes high humidity levels which forces more moisture and nutrients into the skin cells.
  • V = Volume.  By applying skin actives to a larger area, you also increase uptake.
  • n = Increase the amount of product you apply, the frequency of application, or in the case of our PuraVeda Organics products, use products with you concentration of active ingredients.
  • T = Temperature.  Basal body temperature is elevated at night, which is why night creams or serums can be so effective. Saunas and other heat producing methods also help skin drink up nutrients.

Amino Acids penetrate the skin quite easily and efficiently and also enhance the penetration of other ingredients by basically ‘opening the cellular doorway’ when used in conjunction.  This is another reason natural ingredients work so well in that many of them are naturally rich in amino acids.  The wisdom of nature never ceases to amaze!


Skin care ingredients are either absorbed directly into your skin cells and passed through, or pass around and then through or absorbed into glands before being excreted out of the body.  While there will continue to be controversy around the absorption of these ingredients, we believe the best course is to work at increasing the absorption of ingredients that have been proven to be safe, beneficial and effective. Use warm water for cleansing prior to applying treatment serums twice a day.  Make your evening skin care regimen a priority and use products with a high ingredient concentration.



Skin Care Ingredient Permeability

What’s Getting Under Your Skin?

Here at PuraVeda Organics, we get asked many times a week about how well do (expensive) product ingredients actually uptake into the skin?

Most of us understand that certain products like petroleum jelly (called an ‘occlusive’) lays on top of the skin and seals in moisture, but does not penetrate down into the dermis at all.  We’ve also observed that a product like alcohol seems to absorb into the skin almost instantly.

What’s up with that?  How can we be sure that all these great ingredients are even getting into our skin and how deeply?  Can some of them reach our bloodstream, and if so, is that a good or a bad thing?

So we decided to address the issue and take a look at how skin care ingredient penetration happens, and how you can best utilize this knowledge to make the most of your skin care regimen.


Aloe Eye Serum

After you apply any treatment serum, cream or hydrator, that product comes in first contact with the skin layer known as the stratum corneum.  What happens next depends on both the particle size and what we call ‘active’ properties of the specific ingredients.  There are 3 different outcomes based on those two factors.

When you apply a serum, lotion, or cream, it encounters the uppermost layer of skin, which is called the stratum corneum. Depending on the size and chemical properties of the ingredients, three different things can happen:

Outcome #1:

If the ingredient particles are sufficiently small and the actives are permeable, these particles will be absorbed completely by the skin cells and metabolically processed.  Following that, after a period of time, the ingredients will be released from the skin cell and will enter the bloodstream via circulation by differing percentages.  The most common of these are Vitamins like C, A and E.  Topical skin patches like birth control and Nicotine are also good examples of how this works.

Aloe Eye Serum

Outcome #2:

Some active ingredients are too large to be absorbed into skin cells, but are still small enough that they will move down and around the skin cells for a period of time.  Later on, after another time period these ingredients will also enter the blood and lymph systems and then be excreted from the body.  PEPTIDES are a good example of these.  Peptides have been clinically shown to be effective due to this process, (called ‘Dermo-Epidermal Junction or DEJ)

Outcome #3: 

Paying attention to Ingredients is Important!

If the active ingredients are too large to be permeable into skin cells or move between the skin cells, they can still be temporarily absorbed by glands in the substructure of the skin. This process is known as ‘appendageal absorption’, which means that there are what’s called ‘reservoir effects’, which simply means that whatever that substance is may be stored within the glands (we have many glandular structures within the dermis) over a period of time before being released into the bloodstream.

 This is why there are so many concerns about things like Nano-particulated Zinc Oxide in Sunscreens, (along with many other questionable chemicals in those commercial products), Aluminum in deodorant, Parabens (in most products) and so on.


Stayed tuned for Part 2…  Is Ingredient Penetration a Good Thing?



Vata Season (Fall) is Here Part 3

Fall is Vata Season


In order to get the most out of Vata season, it’s important to establish a daily routine.  Things like what time you wake up and go to bed, eat you meals and exercises.. You should try to do these things at approximately the same time every day in order to establish a physical and hormonal cascade rhythm that’s consistent.

If possible, waking early in the day in order to take advantage f the peace and silence that usually come with the early morning hours.  Do some light stretching or yoga to calm your system and prepare for your day.

Take care with your skin care regimen, emphasizing moisture and FACIAL OILS  to offset Vata dryness.  Incorporating a humidifier into your environment is a good idea as well.  If time allows, getting into a morning meditation practice (even 10 or 15 minutes can work wonders) can help ward off stress, which is a major contributor to skin problems.

Essential oils and aromatherapy are also great for this.  GERANIUM and LEMONGRASS are very appropriate for this time of year.  Be aware of protecting your skin and hair from the elements if you live in a climate that is rapidly getting colder.  Get to bed at a reasonable hour in order to get your beauty sleep! (It’s called that for a reason)

Grounding Yoga for Vata Season


According to Ayurvedic tradition, early morning and the evening hours are the best time to integrate exercise into your routine.  Vata is aggravated by fast, erratic activities, so think about slower, more gentle strengthening exercises such as walking, swimming, biking, yoga and tai chi..

These should be done at about 50-70% of your maximum while practicing good breathing form through your nose.  Balance is ever important, so remember that adequate relaxation and sleep are part of the bodies rejuvenation process.

The best times of day to exercise are in the early morning and evening hours (6–10 a.m. and 6–10 p.m.). Vata is very easily aggravated by fast, mobile activities, so consider slow, gentle, strengthening forms of exercise instead.

Walking, hiking, swimming, biking, yoga, and tai chi are good choices, provided they are done at an appropriate level of intensity. Ideally, exercise at about fifty to seventy percent of your capacity, breathing through your nose the entire time. And remember to balance your activity with adequate relaxation and sleep so that your tissues can rejuvenate properly.


Meditation for Fall

If you practice yoga, incorporating a focus on grounding and stability has a profoundly calming effect on Vata and can be a great assist during Vata season.  Breath practice such as Pranayama is very balancing.

Warm up slowly, and make sure you incorporate joint rotations.  Move with fluidity and grounding to the mat, vs. jumping between postures. Relaxed Sun Salutations are perfect for Vata.  Balancing poses such as Warrior, Mountain and Tree pose help you connect with the earth, as do Cobra, Child’s Pose and Corpse pose.


Just as we use Ayurvedic herb distillations in our Skin Care and Hair Care here at PuraVeda Organics, some of these same ingredients can be utilized internally.  GINGER, LICORICE, CORIANDER AND FENNEL are great for promoting proper digestion (essential for beautiful skin) and warmth to offset the cooling effects of Vata.


Ayurvedic tradition is an enormous topic, and we have only touched on it in the briefest of manners with this 3 part article.  The internet is a wealth of information, but if you are not sure of your Skin Care Dosha, you can take this brief quiz HERE to find out how to fine tune your personal regimen.



Navigating Vata Season (Fall) Gracefully Pt 2

Implementing a Seasonal Routine

The first step to implementation of an effective seasonal routine is to start paying close attention to the daily and seasonal changes in your environment such as the climate you live in.

Most of us naturally do this to some degree, perhaps due to intuition. We tend to eat a lighter, more raw foods diet in the heat intensive summer months such as melon and salads, and as fall approaches our diet tends to change to heartier, more substantial fare.

By tuning in to our bodies’ reaction to the climate, we can also regulate and tweak our skin and hair care regimens. A regimen that is perfect that this time of year may be heavy for summertime and not intensive enough by the time winter approaches. This is a big reason we take a layered approach to skin care.. It allows you change up your routine on a day to day basis as you observe what your skin needs more (or less) of.

The Best Way to Navigate Vata Season

The primary Ayurvedic principal is that opposites create balance, Vata season (cool, light, dry, unpredictable) is properly balanced with moisture, nourishment, warmth, and a stable routine.

It is important to pay attention to any Vata imbalances manifesting in your skin such as dry, parched areas so you are prepared to take immediate action. Here are some recommendations should this be the case. (These apply to most people, but if you already know your current state of balance, you can tweak these to fit your routine appropriately)

Vata Season Diet

Many of our skin care clients are surprised when we make dietary recommendations, but there is certainly something to the old adage “You are what you eat”.  Even the best Skin Care products combined with the perfect regimen executed religiously cannot overcome a poor diet and other negative lifestyle choices.  Your skin is ultimately a reflection of your overall health after all.

Fall Spices are Universal!

Your diet is also a powerful way to balance Vata this fall. While there are different opinions on what constitutes the ideal diet, there are some commonalities that we can all agree on. Vata Season requires a transition towards foods that are high in protein and essential fatty acids to nourish and support your collagen layer and keep your skin moist and supple.

Ayurveda believes in adding stimulating spices during Vata Season,  such as Cinnamon, Allspice, Tumeric and Ginger (Pumpkin Spice Latte anyone?) for additional adrenal and hormonal support. Coming from the West as I do, it never fails to amaze me how each culture in some incorporates the wisdom of Ayurveda!

Stay tuned for more Vata Tips for Fall in our next installment..



Ayurvedic Guide to your Best Fall Season

Fall is Vata Season

For most of us (depending on the region we live in) Fall is a transitional season.

Temperatures are cooling and for many of us, the anticipation of a certain crisp edge to the day after the intense heat of the summer is becoming a reality.  Winds are picking up, as a harbinger of the winter heading our way.

As trees lose their leaves, flowers go into hibernation, and animals sense it’s time to stock up for the harsher season to come, Autumn brings with it a certain stripped down feeling, that to us brings with it a sense of the possibility that we can go with the flow, and enjoy the quietness and simplicity the season can offer.

In Ayurvedic terms, Autumn is considered the VATA season.  This is due to the fact that fall brings with it a predominance of the Air Element and Prana, which translates into the vital breath or essence of life itself.  Autumn is also Dry, Windy, Erratic, Cool and Clear and all of these attributes are qualities shared by Vata Dosha.  Thus taking a few simple steps to balance Vata this fall can be very beneficial to your mind, body and for our purposes; Skin & Hair Care.

Do You Really Need a Seasonal Routine?

Vata Season in the Blue Ridge Mountains

According to ancient Ayurvedic tradition, seasonal routines are important cornerstones of health and well-being all year round.

Finding a way to balance your local climate with good lifestyle choices can help offset the potential for seasonally induced imbalances, and is a simple way to keep your overall health and skin care in top notch condition.

However, we must keep in mind that the seasons vary widely from one region to another, and Vata Season is  is whatever time of year that most embodies the characters or attributes of the Vata Dosha:  Dry, Light, Cold, and Clear or Empty.

While Autumn is the classic Vata season,  depending on where you live, some of the qualities of Vata, such as dryness may be a part of your particular environment as early as summer, and Autumn may be followed by  a Dry, Cold and Windy Winter.

Tune in to our next blog to find out more about navigating Vata Season for overall Health & Well Being, which of course includes beautiful Skin & Hair!



Cleansing vs. Exfoliating: What’s the Difference?

We don’t need to tell you that you should be cleansing your face daily, both morning and evening.  Most of us are aware that exfoliation with a scrub or a fruit acid mask a few times a week is a good idea for glowing skin.

We’d like to take a minute here to emphasize that everyone has a unique skin care situation, which includes their heredity, hormonal issues, environment and so on, and one size doesn’t fit all! 

Make sure to do some research and detective work on a skincare regimen that works best for your skin and it’s changing needs.  This is the reason  our PuraVeda Organics products come in a variety of skin types or DOSHAS;  So that we can help you tailor a program that fits you best.

Now.. Back to Cleansers Vs. Exfoliators.  What is the difference and how do we best utilize the different products?


Think of cleansing as the foundation for your entire skin care regimen.  Without this daily routine, the rest of your skin care cannot be nearly as effective.

Primary Objectives of Facial Cleansing

To remove grime and environmental toxins.   Think about it, throughout the day your face attacts all kinds of bad stuff.  Sweat, pollution, melted makeup.. All of that ‘grime’ sinks into your pores and can clog them.  Once a pore has been blocked by these accumulated skin enemies, bacteria present on the skin surface can cause blemishes, blackheads and redness.  Even if you are not prone to blemishes, you will still be left with dull, lifeless looking skin instead of that smooth glow you would probably rather see.


While a cleanser removes impurities from the surface of your skin, a good exfoliator gently removes the top layer of dead skin cells, revealing the fresh new skin beneath.  Once that has been accomplished, your skin is far better able to absorb other products, rendering them much more effective!

Deciding on the Correct Products for You

If you have Sensitive skin, a Mild Fruit Acid Exfoliator without scrubbing particles should be utilized once a week.  If you have Normal or Oily Skin, you can use either a Mask or a Scrub with Particles to assist in skin polishing 1-3 times per week.

Ingredients are Paramount!

Make sure and check any products’ ingredients:

This is extremely important.  So many people get lured into buying products because of a celebrity endorsement, a brand name with social cache, or even a cheap price at the drugstore.  Don’t fall into these traps!

Did you know your skin absorbs up to 60% of what you put on it deep into the dermis, and some of that even gets to your blood stream? 

Make it a habit to read the label on the BACK of the product, not the ‘natural sounding’ claims on the front panels.  It is an FDA mandate that all ingredients must be listed from greatest to least on every cosmetic bottle and jar.

If there is a bunch of unpronounceable chemicals (if it’s a drugstore or department store item, the chances of this are very high) move along.  Truly natural organic products are safe for your skin and your body, and offer long term benefits for your skin without the worry of what synthetic chemicals your skin might be absorbing.




The Evaporation Process


Those with a disrupted lipid barrier often suffer from dry skin conditions, as the skin is unable to coat the skin’s surface with the appropriate amount of sebum, causing a loss of hydration.  Essentially, a moisturizer should aid in correcting the lipid barrier so that the skin is able to regain healthy moisture balance.  The key word here is “aid,” as these products are only a part of a solution, and are not a fix all to every skin condition on their own.

Hydrator for Normal Skin

While some moisturizers actually do contain the hydrating (humectant) ingredients mentioned above, these are not always able to penetrate the skin deeply. A good moisturizer will generally contain a mixture of both Occlusive (barrier forming ingredients) and Emollient (Ingredients that help with skin smoothness and can also enhance barrier strength) ingredients.


You can solve this dilemma, and get the best results by remembering to apply a Hydrator first, and a Moisturizer second.  By utilizing this protocol, you can add moisture to the skin and then make sure it stays put all day long, helping your own skin to repair itself and function more like younger skin.  If you have dry skin and are only using a moisturizer, it’s likely you are needing to apply it multiple times  during the day.

It might seem that your moisturizer is getting rid of flaky, dry patches, what is happening is that you are probably only masking the problem.

Hydrator for Sensitive Skin

Remember to apply hydrating products first and a moisturizer second.  This way, you are adding adding moisture to the skin, and then ensuring it stays put throughout the day.  If you have dry skin and are only using a moisturizer, chances are you are feeling the need to apply it multiple times throughout the day. 

While the moisturizing ingredients may appear to have helped smooth those dry flaky spots, they are not fixing the root of your condition.  Moisturizers are only masking the issue at hand.

Hydrator for Oily Skin

Increase your skin’s water content by adding a hydrator into your daily skincare routine.  This will not only help your skin regain the correct moisture balance for optimal cellular health, it will also make your moisturizer and treatment serums far more effective!

Hydrators act to ‘break the cellular barrier’, allowing far greater and deeper penetration of skin actives into the dermal layer.  This also saves you money, as you can use far less of serums and moisturizer products and get better results.